The philodendron is a flowering plant. Brazil grows the popular heart-leaf philodendron plant and is just as carefree as it is.
The Philodendron hederaceum “Brasil” got its common name because its dark green, heart-shaped leaves and lime green spots make it look like the flag of Brazil.
Philodendron Brazil is a variety of the heartleaf philodendron, and both people and pets should be careful around it.
Philodendron Brasil Care
This beautiful climbing plant is native to the tropical rainforests of South America, but it is surprisingly easy to care for and keep alive indoors. It will grow if you give it bright light, water it often, and make sure the soil drains well.
Philodendron Brazil blooms, but the bright leaves are what people keep because the flowers are small and don’t happen very often when grown indoors. If, on the other hand, you find a green and white spathe growing from your plant, it means your Brazil is in bloom.
Even though Philodendron brasiliense doesn’t have any specific pests or diseases, you should watch out for common houseplant pests like mealybugs, scale, spider mites, and fungus gnats.
Pests can be avoided by treating plants before they get infested. This is called “preventive treatment.”
Philodendron Brazil can live in a lot of different lighting situations, but its colors show up best in strong, indirect light.
When there isn’t enough light, the stripes will come back, causing the plant to grow tall and thin. You also shouldn’t leave your Philodendron Brazil in direct sunlight for long periods of time because the leaves could get burned.
This tropical aroid likes soil that is sandy, well-drained, and slightly acidic. Philodendron Brazil can live in regular indoor potting mix, but it will do better in a mix made for aroids.
Between waterings, let the top 2 to 3 inches of soil dry out, then water well. Philodendron Brazil can die if it gets too much water, so it should never be kept in soil that stays wet for a long time.
Temperature and Humidity
Philodendron Brazil comes from the tropical rainforests of South America and does best in warm, humid places. Still, they grow well indoors in the standard temperature and humidity of a home.
Adding more humidity to your house will help it grow bigger and stronger. These philodendrons can’t handle temperatures below 55–60°F and shouldn’t be kept there.
In the spring and summer, fertilize the plant once a month. In the fall and winter, when the plant goes into dormancy, don’t fertilize it at all.
Philodendron Brazil grows quickly in the right conditions, and it may need to be trimmed to keep its growth under control inside.
Pruning also helps the plant grow bigger and fuller leaves. You should cut back your Philodendron Brazil in the spring or early summer, while it is still growing.
Use a clean, sharp pair of scissors or pruning shears to cut off any stems that are too long, unruly, or have started to grow leaves. Put the stem cuttings away because they can be used to make more plants.
Propagating Philodendron Brasil
By getting the cuttings to grow roots and then putting them back in the same pot, you can start new plants or make the plant bigger. In just a few simple steps, you can propagate new plants from the stems of your Philodendron brasil:
- Take 4-5 inch stem cuttings from your philodendron Brasil using a pair of sharp scissors or pruning shears. Ensure that each cutting has at least 4-6 leaves on the stem.
- Remove the bottom 2-3 leaves from each stem cutting to expose the nodes along the stem – leaving 2-3 leaves on each cutting.
- Place the cuttings in water, ensuring that the exposed nodes are submerged while the leaves remain above the water, and put the cuttings in an area that receives bright, indirect light.
- Within 2-4 weeks you should begin to see small white roots sprouting from the nodes below the water. Once the roots have reached 1 inch in length, the cuttings can be moved back to soil.
- Plant the newly rooted cuttings in a container full of moist, well-draining soil mix and return them to the same location they have been growing in for the past several weeks.
- For the first 2-3 weeks after planting, keep the soil regularly moist (but not soggy) to help the newly sprouted roots acclimate to the soil.
Common Problems With Philodendron Brasil
Philodendron brasilien plants are easy to take care of and usually don’t cause any problems when they are grown the right way. But if you don’t water or light your plants the right way, you might see some of these common problems.
Your plant isn’t getting enough water if its leaves are curling. When the top few inches of soil are dry, water your plant, and don’t let it sit in completely dry soil for too long.
If you don’t water your plant for a long time, the roots may have dried out, and the plant may not be able to take in water even if you water it today.
If this is the case, you will need to rebuild the plant’s roots to save it. You can do this by following the methods for growing plants from stem cuttings.
There are many things that can cause the tips of leaves to turn brown. Most of the time, it’s because your philodendron is in too dry of an environment.
Check that no air vents are blowing directly on the plant’s leaves, and use a pebble tray or humidifier to add more moisture to the air around your plant.
Too much direct sunlight can also burn the leaves, which can cause the tips to turn brown. Lastly, a lack of water could cause leaves to turn brown. Make sure you don’t let your plants get too dry between waterings.
Why is my philodendron Brasil losing its variegation?
When there isn’t enough light, there is less variation. Philodendron Brazil will start to look like a regular heartleaf philodendron when it gets less light.
To get new striped growth, move your plant to a brighter spot and cut off the parts that have gone back to their original color.
Should I cut off damaged philodendron leaves?
Damage to your Philodendron Brazil leaves, such as yellowing, browning tips, or physical damage like a rip, can’t be fixed.
These leaves can be taken off the plant. When you remove dead or damaged leaves from your plant on a regular basis, it can use its energy to grow new, healthy leaves.
Why is my philodendron Brasil dripping water from its leaves?
Don’t worry, your philodendron isn’t crying. Droplets of water on the leaves just mean that your plant has more water than it needs to stay healthy. This is a good early sign that you should cut back on watering a bit. You don’t want your plant to get root rot.