Monstera Plant Care

Monstera Plant Care: 6 Guides You Need To Know

The Monstera deliciosa plant comes from the jungles of Central America and is very big and bold. It is also called the “split-leaf philodendron.”

This easy-to-grow climbing evergreen can be found in many designer settings because of how “wow” it looks.

The plant grows slowly indoors, and each year it may reach a height of 1 to 2 feet. It has big, shiny, heart-shaped leaves that are split in a unique way.

You’ll also see fine aerial roots growing out of the ground. These roots help the plant grow by supporting the stems that hold leaves that can be up to 3 feet long.

Any time of year, if you plant it outside in the right zone, it will produce tan-and-cream flowers that bees will pollinate and tasty, luscious fruit that tastes like pineapple and banana.

On the other hand, houseplants rarely bear fruit. This beautiful plant might be dangerous for pets.

Monstera Deliciosa Care

Monstera deliciosa grows all year in warm, humid climates and is hardy in USDA Zones 10 through 12. Plant it outside in soil that drains well and has some shade. If the soil where you live is naturally salty, move your plants to a patio or inside.

If a balanced fertilizer is used three or four times a year, the plant could grow to be 10 feet tall or more. If it’s going to be an indoor plant, choose a deep pot with lots of drainage holes.

Monstera Plant Care

Light

This evergreen likes bright, indirect sunlight and temperatures between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit.

In the summer, the leaves can get burned if they get too much direct sunlight. At least once a year, take your indoor plants outside to get full sun. This will help them grow in a lush way.

The Swiss cheese plant can grow well outside in both deep and light forests, with full or partial shade.

Soil

When planted in a pot, it needs soil that is made of peat. It grows well in acidic or neutral pH soils that are light and sandy, medium and loamy, and heavy and clayey. Still, it grows best in soil that is well-drained and only slightly wet.

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Monstera Plant Care

Water

During the time when the plant is growing, water it every one to two weeks. water until the extra water comes out of the holes. Since the plant has already used all the water it needs, do not put any more water in its pot.

Between waterings, you should let the soil slowly dry out. In the fall and winter, you only need to water every so often. To raise the humidity inside, mist the plants with a spray bottle of deionized water or let it rain.

Fertilizer

Choose a drink that tastes good.

During the growing season, feed the plant every few weeks with 20-20-20 fertilizer. Half a teaspoon of fertilizer can be dissolved in a gallon of water.

Instead of watering regularly, use diluted fertilizer. Pour the mixture into the soil until it starts to drain through the holes.

Throw away any extra watered-down fertilizer, since the plant has already used what it needs and can’t use what drains away.

Pruning

You can cut off aerial roots if they get too big for the space, but it’s better to tuck them back into the pot. Their roots do not damage surfaces like the roots of some other houseplants do. The stems and leaves can be used to make more plants by trimming them.

Monstera Plant Care

Propagating Monstera Deliciosa

Monstera deliciosa is easy to grow from stem cuttings after it has been pruned. But air layering is by far the most common way to make more Monstera deliciosa plants. Here are the steps for each direction:

Stem cuttings for plant growth:

  • Use a clean, sharp pruning shear to cut off a stem with a node (a little bump where roots will grow) and at least two leaves.
  • Put a little bit of ground cinnamon (or any other spice you can buy at the store) on the cut on the mother plant. This will help the wound heal because it will keep germs from getting in.
  • Put the piece of meat in a glass of water. Every three to five days, change the water. If possible, use filtered or rainwater instead of tap water.
  • A group of roots will start to grow in a few months. Then, you can put your new plant in a container with fresh soil and keep it moist while it gets used to its new surroundings.
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To spread through layers of air:

Air layering is a low-risk method because the mother plant is not cut until the baby plant is ready to be put in a pot with new roots.

At first, the mother plant might not look like much, but in the end, it will be worth it to have a healthy young plant. For this step, you’ll need flowery or sphagnum moss, a plastic bag or wrap, and twist ties.

Monstera Plant Care

  • Find a stem that has several nodes (where the roots will grow). On the other hand, look for a leaf that is attached to a stem and has a small aerial root under it.
  • Make a shallow notch about 1/3 the width of the stem just below the root.
  • Wrap an inch of sphagnum moss around the joint where the leaf meets the stem.
  • Spray the moss with water and cover it with plastic to keep it moist. Use twist ties to keep it in place (it may look a little messy, which is okay).
  • Make sure the moss can stay wet until the roots grow.
  • After a few months, cut the stem below the roots with a clean, sharp tool. Then, put the young plant’s roots and stem in a new pot of soil.
  • Don’t forget to put cinnamon powder on the wound on the mother plant. This will stop germs from getting into the cut and help the wound heal.

Potting and Repotting Monstera Deliciosa

To give the plant room to grow, you should move it to a pot that is a few inches wider and deeper. This plant needs porous pots with drainage holes, like terracotta or clay, but any material container with drainage holes would work. Follow these basic steps to pot the plant:

  • Fill the bottom third of the pot with peaty soil. Make a soft stick that the stem can climb up. Put the roots inside the pot. Put dirt around the roots. Put dirt around the stake, and use plant ties to hold the stem to the stake.

Monstera Plant Care

Common Pests

By wiping dust or dirt off the leaves with a damp sponge or paper towel, you can keep the plant clean and free of pests.

Pests that often attack the plant include sap-sucking mealybugs, aphids (plant lice), small cigar-shaped thrips, scale insects, and spider mites.

If you see any on the plant’s leaves, give it a strong stream of water. You can also clean the leaves with soap that kills bugs.

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Common Problems of Monstera Deliciosa

Even though the Swiss cheese plant is a pretty easy-going houseplant, it might give you a headache. But if you figure out what’s wrong with your plant, it might get better quickly.

Browning Tips

If the leaf tips are turning brown, it usually means that the soil is dry or that you need to water the plant often to keep it moist. Take off the leaves that are hurting.

If your plant has brown spots or tips that are surrounded by yellow rings, it has a fungus. Most likely, the fungus got there because the plant was overwatered or kept in soil that was too wet for a long time. Take off any leaves that are hurt, and let the plant dry out before you water it.

Yellow Leaves

Yellowing leaves are a sign of dry soil. The oldest leaves on the plant will be the first to turn yellow. Take off the leaves that are hurting. Check the soil and, if it’s bone dry, water it well.

Monstera Plant Care

Wilting Leaves

If you see leaves drying up, it means that the plant isn’t getting enough water. Either the plant gets too much or too little water. Root rot can happen if the plant gets too much water. Take the plant out of its pot so you can look at its roots. Clean the roots, get rid of any soft spots, and repot the plant in new soil.

FAQ

Is Monstera deliciosa easy to care for?

As a houseplant, this plant is easy to grow and take care of. However, in order to grow outside, it needs to be warm and damp.

Why do the leaves on some Monstera deliciosa plants split more than on others?

It takes a lot of energy to split fenestrated leaves. The plant splits more as it gets more light. When there is less light, the leaves shrink and look less impressive.

What is the difference between Monstera deliciosa and Monstera adansonii?

Both of these plants are called Swiss cheese plants, but their leaves are different sizes.

Monstera deliciosa has leaves that are much bigger than Monstera adansonii, which has leaves that are much smaller.

See more articles in this category: Outdoor Plants

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