ZZ Plants (Zamioculcas zamiifolia) are known for being hardy and easy to care for, which makes them great for people who are new to gardening.
Given how popular these beautiful plants are, it’s easy to see why plant lovers want to grow as many of them as possible.
Fortunately, there are a number of easy ways to make more of these plants for free. To grow a lot of ZZ, you can use cuttings, leaves, division, or all three. There are plants that can grow almost anywhere.
How To Propagate From Stem Cuttings
Choose A Stem
A healthy cutting is the basis for a healthy plant that grows from it. Choose a healthy stem (technically a petiole) from your plant that has strong leaf growth and glossy, dark green leaves.
Stems with yellow or brown leaves, or ones that are damaged or sick, should be avoided because these problems could spread to your new cutting.
When choosing a stem, think about how it looks. Choose a spot that is hidden by other plants since the cut mark will be visible. Think about how the plant looks as a whole, and maybe take two cuttings, one from each side, to keep the plant’s shape.
Remove The Stem
After you’ve chosen your stem, get a sharp knife or a pair of pruning shears (or stems). The faster the plant will grow back, the cleaner the cut.
You can cut off the last few inches of the stem, or you can cut off the whole stem at once. But since the stem won’t grow back after being cut, your plant will look better if you remove the whole thing.
Cut the stem into pieces that are at least 4 inches long. You can keep longer cuttings if you want them to look more established while they are putting down roots, which is what I did here.
Remove The Leaves
Either water or dirt will be put over the bottom half of the cutting. That’s why it’s important to take off the leaves but leave some of the stem showing.
Just pull the leaves off with your finger or a pair of scissors. You don’t even have to throw them away.Instead, follow the steps below to make more ZZ plants.
Roots for your ZZ Plant can be grown in water or soil, just like any other stem cutting.With water, you can watch how the rhizome and roots grow, but with soil, the roots get thicker and are better able to handle transplant stress.
Get a glass that is tall enough to hold the cuttings straight up in water while they root. Make sure it is clean before you fill it so that bacteria won’t grow. Then, put the piece in the glass so that the bottom half is covered but the leaves are not.
Put the glass somewhere well-lit but not in direct sunlight. Fill it up every few days, and once a week, change everything in it.
Make a few holes in the soil with your finger and plant the cutting, or multiple cuttings if they have been taken, in the same container.
Move the pot to a bright spot with a lot of indirect light and press around the cutting to hold it in place. Keep the soil moist but not soaked until new growth starts to show.
After a few months, when the roots on the rhizome are an inch or two long, you can move your cutting to a new spot.
Houseplant soil mix can be bought or made by mixing two parts potting soil, one part perlite, and one part coconut coir or peat moss. Make sure the pot has a lot of drainage holes to stop root rot.
Plant one or two cuttings in the same pot. After replanting, press down on the soil around the plant to get rid of any air pockets, then water it right away.
How To Propagate From Leaf Cuttings
Remove A Leaf
Leaf cuttings are a common way for ZZ Plants to spread, though not as frequently as stem cuttings or dividing the plant.If enough of the petiole is taken with the leaf, it will form its own rhizome and grow into a whole plant.
This process couldn’t be much easier. To pull a healthy leaf off the main stem, just twist your fingers. To make a new rhizome, you have to connect a piece of the stem to the leaf.
You can do this with just one leaf, but since leaf cuttings are less likely to grow roots, you should take several at once. You could even try both methods at the same time by using the leaves you got from the stem cuttings you used in the first method.
Rooting In Water
This means it needs to be changed often as the water evaporates. A thin piece of glass is also needed to keep the leaves from falling into the water and going bad.
Put the leaves in the glass and fill it halfway with filtered or distilled water. Keep adding water as needed every day or once every few days. When you see rhizomes growing at the ends of the leaves, it’s time to put the plant in the ground.
Rooting In Soil
When it’s hot out, it’s easier to take care of leaves that are rooted in soil than in a thin layer of water. This is because the soil holds more water than a thin layer of water.
Fill a tray with coconut coir (or peat moss, if you already have some) and perlite, then add water and let the extra water drain. Then, just push the leaves into the ground vertically, leaving most of the leaf showing.
Keep the tray in a warm, sunny spot away from drafts so you don’t knock the leaves over. Even though it takes many months for a rhizome to form and even longer for a complete petiole to form, these low-maintenance plants are well worth the wait.
If the rhizomes are sending out short roots, move the leaves to a bigger pot with more room to grow or wait until the roots are longer before moving them to avoid shocking the plant.
How To Propagate By Division
Remove The Plant From The Pot
One of the easiest ways to make two plants out of one is to divide the plant. This can only be done with plants that are already grown, but it helps them grow by preventing crowding and giving them more room to grow inside the container.
As with repotting, start by taking the plant out of its pot. Wait a few days before you water them to make it easier to get rid of them. If it’s still stuck, press the edges of the pot gently to get it out.
Get rid of all the old dirt to see how the roots have grown. Before you separate them, you should run them under water to get rid of any old dirt.
Divide Into Sections
The plant should be cut into several pieces so that the rhizomes and roots can be seen. Each piece should have enough roots to avoid shock and stress when it is being moved.
Some gaps can be pulled apart, but others have to be cut. Make sure to use a sharp knife to separate them, since any damage will take longer to heal and leave your plant vulnerable to pests and diseases for a longer time.
If your ZZ plant has grown a lot, it may be hard to figure out the best way to separate it. Even if they are cut into small pieces, they can still live as long as each piece has enough roots.
With a sharp, clean knife, cut straight into the rhizome, taking care not to damage the roots or stems as much as possible.
After pressing down around the plant’s base, give it a lot of water. Put the new pots somewhere with indirect light and keep watering well until the plants get used to their new homes.