Haworthia is a large group of small succulent plants. Most of them are natives of South Africa. They are often grouped together under the name Haworthia, but each species may have a different common name.
These little succulents are so cute and would make great houseplants. During the summer, potted plants are often moved outside, and in places where frost doesn’t happen, they are sometimes grown in the garden.
These small, low-growing plants have rosettes of soft, green leaves that are covered with white, pearly bumps or bands that give them a unique look.
The same things that are said to make aloe and echeveria plants healthy will also make beautiful Haworthia plants.
Most people buy these plants in pots, and the best time to plant them is in the spring or early summer. Like many succulents, they are plants that grow slowly.
Like other succulents, these plants need lots of sun and water in the summer, but they do better when it’s drier in the winter.
Don’t water them too much, but don’t let them dry out either. Also, give the plant fertilizer in the spring and summer, when it is growing quickly.
Outside, haworthias do best in areas that get some shade instead of full sun. Because of this, they are great plants for growing inside.
If you can keep aloe alive in a pot on a windowsill, you can probably do the same with haworthia. They can be grown in a variety of containers, but the best one is one with a lot of holes for the water to drain out.
Haworthia plants like bright light but not direct sunlight that is too strong. In their natural environment, they often hide in the small shadow of a rock or something else.
But a plant’s green color will fade if it doesn’t get enough light. Haworthias do best inside, near a window that faces east or west.
These plants do best in sand or gravel that drains well. Use cactus potting soil or any potting soil made for container plants that drains quickly. To help the soil drain, mix in perlite, aquarium gravel, or pumice.
During the spring and summer, water your plants whenever the top inch of soil is dry, but don’t let the soil get too wet.
In the fall and winter, water the plant just enough to keep the leaves green. If you let water build up in the rosette, it might die.
Temperature and Humidity
In the summer, Haworthia species like temperatures ranging from 70 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit, and in the winter, temperatures are as low as 50 degrees Fahrenheit. When the temperature drops to 40 degrees Fahrenheit or less, they might be ruined.
During the spring and summer growing seasons, treat haworthia with a cactus fertilizer according to the label directions. In the fall and winter, you shouldn’t feed them.
Types of Hawthoria
There are around 100 Haworthia species, although their categorization can be difficult. The most important difference between the common species is the size of the leaves and where the white spots are on the leaves.
In general, the best advice is to choose the most attractive variety based on the shape and pattern of its leaves, since they all have similar care needs. These are some of the most popular species:
- H. margaritifera also called the pearl plant, is a clumping variety with white speckles on its tentacle-like leaves.
- H. fasciata has thick dark green leaves with horizontal white stripes and is sometimes known as the zebra haworthia.
- H. bolusii is stemless with fleshy leaves that form a rosette. It is called the spiderweb haworthia due to the fine white hairs growing along the edges of its leaves. This species does best in full sun.
- H. attenuata features white wart-like pearls on both the top and the bottom of its long, pointed green leaves.
Offsets are small new plants that grow from the base of a parent plant. This is a cheap way to make more Haworthia plants.
When taking offsets, use a sharp knife or snips to cut as close to the parent stem as possible while leaving as many roots as possible.
The cuttings should be left to dry for about a day before being replanted. The offsets should be planted in a small pot with the same soil that was used to grow the main plant.
Potting and Repotting Haworthia
Haworthias are small, slow-growing plants (typically remaining between 3 and 5 inches tall). They are often planted in small groups in wide, shallow bowls. They can be grown alone in pots, though.
A small pot made of unglazed clay is perfect because its walls will let water from the soil escape. The drainage holes in the container are very important for good drainage.
As the parent plant sends out new shoots, the clusters will grow in size on their own. Every three to five years, a cluster will outgrow its surroundings.From spring to early summer, you should repotted your plants.
Use a bigger pot with fresh potting soil, or separate the group of plants into smaller pots. Even if the plant doesn’t need a bigger pot, it usually does better when the soil is changed every three to five years in the same pot.
Haworthias do not have any pests except for mealybugs. You can get rid of these small, oval bugs that feed on plant juice by picking them off by hand or spraying them with an insecticide.
If the soil is kept too wet, you may also see fungus gnats. Often, all that is needed to fix this problem is to fix the overly wet state.
Common Problems With Haworthia
Haworthias are hardy plants if they are grown in the right way. But worries about their surroundings might cause a few common problems.
The roots can die if the soil is too wet. When water can’t drain easily, it keeps blocking the soil’s air holes, making it hard for roots to “breathe” or exchange gases. The roots will die because they don’t get enough oxygen.
Only water your plant when the soil is dry, and never leave it in wet soil.
Leaves Turning Yellow
When haworthia gets too much sun, its leaves turn yellow, red, or white. Moving your plant to a spot with a little more shade, but not too much, might solve the problem.
Does haworthia need full sun?
Haworthia likes bright light and does best in the sun in the early morning. On the other hand, strong afternoon light could be too much for the plant and burn its leaves.
Is haworthia easy to grow?
In its hardiness zones, Haworthia is an easy plant to grow both outside and inside. It is easy, but it takes time to water and feed it.
How fast does haworthia grow?
Haworthia grows slowly, and most of its species stay small.