Anthurium is a group of more than 1,000 perennial plants that grow in Central America, northern South America, and the Caribbean.
Anthuriums can be grown in the yard in warm places, but they are best kept as houseplants or in greenhouses because they need special care. Depending on how much light they get without getting burned, they grow slowly or moderately.
Introducing About The Anthurium Plant
Flamingo Flower, Tail Flower, Painted Tongue Plant, Bird’s Nest Anthurium, Water Dragon Anthurium, Bird’s Nest Anthurium, Bird’s Nest Anthurium
Anthurium andraeanum, Anthurium fruffles, and Anthurium plowmanii are the botanical names for Anthurium andraeanum, Anthurium fruffles, and Anthurium plowmanii.
Here’s a little secret: the pretty heart-shaped “flowers” aren’t actually flowers! Inform everyone!
The waxy leaves, called spathes, that grow from the base of the fleshy spike where the small flowers grow are what make these hardy, low-maintenance houseplants so beautiful. You almost know everything now that you know this!
These indoor plants are called epiphytes. They are a type of air plant that grows on other plants or in rich organic soil in warm, tropical places. Because of this, the anthurium is very hardy and requires little care as a houseplant.
Just put them in a new pot with peat moss or a soil mix that includes coco coir, put them in bright, indirect sunlight, and let the soil dry out a bit between waterings. Let your anthurium rest for six weeks during the winter at around 60°F with little water.
If a “flower” fades, it is almost certainly an older bloom that is about to dry up and fall off (see below for care).
Not all “flowers” on anthuriums are prized (we apologize for the quotes at this point, and you most likely get the point).
Anthuriums grown for their leaves need the same care as those grown for their flowers (we did it again). They don’t need as much light, which is the main difference. Anthurium superbum, Water Dragon, Plowmanii, and Jungle Bush can all live with less light.
Important! Anthuriums are poisonous if eaten, so be very careful if you have pets or small children. The sap can also make the skin red and itchy.
Anthuriums in bloom require strong, indirect light (direct sunlight may burn the foliage and blooms!).
When the top few inches of soil feel dry to the touch, give it a lot of water. Stop when water starts to run out of the drainage holes. Anthurium roots tend to rot if they get too much water, so don’t do that.
The more sun and heat your anthurium gets, the more water it will need. Check the soil every few days to see if it’s getting dry.
Carefully look for signs of stress or thirst. Plants that are thirsty will feel light when you pick them up, and their leaves will be drooping or puckering.
You won’t need to water as frequently in the winter because the plant isn’t actively developing.
Anthurium are epiphytes, which means they do not require soil to thrive! They get water and food from the air and their host, respectively (often a tree or dead plant debris).
To let water drain rapidly, their potting soil should have more drainage elements (relative to soils for other indoor plants), such as wood chips, perlite, coarse sand, or pumice.
Most packaged soilless potting soil for indoor plants will work great, but remember to let the soil dry entirely before watering again.
Anthuriums do best in warm temperatures between 70°F and 90°F, but don’t worry, these plants are very adaptable and can do well in typical home temperatures. But you should avoid temperatures that are too high or too low.
If your thermostat falls below 50°F, the anthurium will stop growing, and if your house gets too hot, the anthuriums will wilt.
Most anthuriums like humidity, but species that bloom may be able to handle more dryness. If your home’s humidity level is less than 50%, use a humidifier to bring it up to at least 60%.
Filling small trays with stones and water and putting indoor plants together might help to increase the humidity around your plants. Find out how to make the air around your indoor plants moister!
Feed your anthurium once a month with a 14-strength liquid fertilizer during the growing season (spring and summer).
Keep in mind that too much fertilizer might do more harm than good. During the growing season, add a fertilizer with a lot of phosphorus to get the plant to make more flowers.
Anthurium are slow-growing house plants that grow about 4 inches per year on average “annually!” If you take care of the plant, the leaves will get bigger, but it won’t get taller than 30 inches.
Pet Friend or Foe
- Use a fertilizer high in phosphorus to promote blooms in flowering varieties.
- Use a soil that drains well to avoid root rot, but holds enough moisture for root absorption.
- Don’t be alarmed when you see roots growing from the stems! These are simply aerial roots that would benefit from occasional misting. If you don’t like the look of these roots, you can cut them without hurting the plant.
- As your anthurium grows, place it in a bigger pot. Crowded roots will stunt the plant’s growth!
- When the flowers fade and you want to remove them, cut at the base of the flower stem, closest to the base of the plant.